This is the first and only Hungarian state subsidy allowed by the Act LXII of 2001 on Hungarians Living in Neighbor Countries that reaches families without a mediator; yearly, its sum for Transylvania reaches 3 billion HUF. Since the 2003-2004 academic year, the Foundation for School is the entitled dealer of the “Pedagogical-Educational and Textbook-School Equipment” grant. All underage pupils and high-school/university students that are studying partly or totally in Hungarian language on a primary, secondary or high/university level in a Romanian educational institution are entitled to this grant.
Applications are available at the beginning of each academic year. The incoming applications contain the application forms, an act proving entitlement and copies after the IDs of the applicant parent and his/her minor child. Applications are overtaken in 15 Transylvanian offices, and they are processed in the order of arrival. 70 persons are working on processing data, and consultancy is given on a 4-hour green-line, via e-mail or through the homepage to any interested person. Each application is processed as computer data in a restricted network; therefore every further administration of applications goes through the computer (announcements, transfer of grants, records and professional assessments). Following the processing and assessing of applications, the Curatorial Board of the Foundation for School has a deciding reunion (4–6 times/year), and selected applications are forwarded to the Government Office for Hungarian Minorities Abroad for final decision. Applications of those following optional education are assessed individually by the applicant’s school. Grants are paid through post offices or transferred to applicants’ personal bank accounts.
During three years, 379,080 underage pupils received the “Pedagogical-Educational and Textbook-School Equipment” grant and 16,571 high school/university students were supported. Among supported persons there are children grooving in an orphanage or a foster house. In their case the foundation signs a contract with the legal guardian, who has to prove adequate guarantees for a proper using of the grant.
After each concluded application cycle, the foundation formulates a professional statement that contains the sociological evaluation running along different coefficients of the recipient children’s data sheets. The statements offer details about the type of the settlement the child comes from, about the distribution according the placement of the educational institution, about the number of the received grants in a family and the distribution according to age. All these data contribute to forming a precise picture about the Hungarian-language education in Romania.
The “In Mother-tongue on Fatherland” Grant is the most popular and well-known scholarship among the ethnic Hungarians from Romania. Almost 90% of the entitled persons are submitting an application form, and more than 90,000 families are directly involved in this program.